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December 2023

Sump Pump Installation – What You Need To Know

If your home has a history of flooding or you live in an area prone to heavy rain, sump pump installation can be an excellent investment.

Make sure your pump is connected to a ground fault circuit interrupter outlet for safety.

Install piping to send water away from your sump pump and basement walls. Use PVC elbow fittings and pipe increasers bonded with PVC cement to create the piping system. immediately for your sump pump installation needs.    

sump pump installation


The purpose of a sump pump is to prevent the damage that can be caused by significant basement flooding and the subsequent mold, wood rot, and pests that follow. It works by detecting rising water levels, pumping that water out and away from the home, and providing a secondary battery-operated backup in case of power failure.

The system typically consists of a plastic sump pump basin, with a discharge pipe connected to it that runs outside the house. This pipe should be a good distance — about 10 to 20 feet — away from the house so that it will not cause unwanted drainage problems. Some municipalities have regulations about where this drain pipe can be routed, so check with your local building code department before you begin.

A professional can usually install this system, but if you are handy with tools, it is not difficult for the homeowner to do it on their own. Begin by locating the lowest point in your crawl space, and determining which wall of your basement borders that spot. Find a location where the soil naturally slopes downward and away from your house, and where you can punch a hole through the rim joist for the pump.

Dig a hole big enough to accommodate your sump pump basin, with six inches of additional room on the bottom and sides. Then, fill the hole with gravel and place your sump pump basin in it. Next, drill a second hole in the basement floor, this one to be used for the discharge line of your backup pump. Thread a length of 2-in. PVC pipe through each hole, using couplers and elbow fittings as needed to extend the pipe down to the low spot that you have identified.


Sump pump installation is not complete without a pit liner. This pit liner keeps silt and sediment from entering the pump and damaging it. The sump pump’s job is to remove the water that collects underneath your home, and silt in particular can cause structural damage as well as a musty smell in your basement.

When you have a qualified team perform your sump pump installation, they’ll dig a hole that is a few inches bigger than the basin that will hold your sump pump. They’ll also install a drain that catches the discharged water and drains it away from your home. A drain pipe that is connected to the perimeter drainage system and directed to a dry well or storm sewer can help reduce your chances of flooding in the future.

Some older sump pumps are configured to discharge to the sanitary sewer. Since this can overwhelm municipal sewer systems, municipalities now generally urge homeowners to disconnect and reroute their sump pump’s discharge. This is a simple project that any qualified plumber can do.

The pit liner is positioned in the bottom of the sump pump’s hole, and gravel is packed around it to hold it in place. This gravel is usually crushed rock that’s 6″ to 3″ in size. Then, concrete is poured over the gravel and troweled to achieve a smooth surface.

The next step is to run PVC piping from the sump pump to the drain outside your home. The pipe should be capped with an airtight lid that includes rubber grommets to prevent odors and items from falling in. The piping should have an exit point near the exterior wall of your home and a 90-degree elbow to direct the discharge pipe away from the house.


The pump is the heart of your sump system. It detects a preset water level in the pit and pumps it to an outside drainage area to prevent flooding or water damage within your home.

Choose a pump with the right horsepower. The higher the horsepower, the more water it can pump. You’ll also want to check the head pressure, which measures how high the pump can raise water. You’ll want a minimum of 12 feet (3.7 meters), but a higher head pressure will mean a more expensive pump.

To reduce the chance of clogging, line the bottom of the sump basin with coarse gravel. This will keep the pump from clogging with silt. You’ll also need to line the inside of the basin with filter fabric, which prevents debris from entering the pump motor.

You’ll need a discharge pipe to direct the water away from your house, and you’ll also want a check valve that ensures the pump can’t backflow into the basin. You can use a flexible discharge hose or a length of PVC pipe with glued joints and, if necessary, elbows.

A battery-powered backup pump is useful in case of a power outage. It should be positioned so its float switch is several inches higher than the float switch of the main pump, as you only want it to kick in when the main sump pump fails.

You’ll need to run a power cord from the pump to your home, so look for an outlet near the basin that can accommodate its electrical needs. Make sure the pump has a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) outlet, as these provide safe electricity for the unit and prevent electric shock. Avoid using an extension cord, as this can damage your home’s insulation and may result in a fire.

Check Valve

A check valve prevents water from backflow into the pump pit if the pump stops working. It also keeps the discharge line from getting clogged with silt and debris that can block the pump. Ensure it is properly installed and positioned at the correct height for the pit. Generally, the valve should be on top of the pump and in the direction that the discharge pipe flows, with a vent hole that is out of the way but drains into the pit.

Make sure to install a drain at the bottom of the pump basin and place a sump lid to eliminate odors. Inspect the bottom of the basin frequently for any debris that may be accumulating. Ideally, the sump pit should be located away from where water, sewer, and utility lines enter the house. You should also avoid placing it where basement walls meet the floor, as that will create a low spot that can collect standing water and cause flooding or sewer backups.

If you plan to connect the sump pump to the house sewer system (recommended only if your home is built on a solid rock foundation), then it is necessary to install a check valve between the house sewer and the pump. Otherwise, when the sump pump is operating, it can back up the sewer and lead to a dangerous overflow situation.

Prepare the pump for installation by removing it from its box and laying out a work area to protect against puddles of water. Measure the distance from the bottom of the pump to the center of the check valve bottom adapter and mark it on a piece of PVC pipe. Cut the pipe a few inches longer than the measurement, and use milk crates or something similar to raise it off the ground.


The pump is powered by electricity and, since it’s operating near (or sometimes in) water must be connected to a grounded outlet with GFCI protection. The pump’s power cord should also be plugged into a battery-powered backup system that can kick on during severe storms when electricity fails.

A plumbing pipe attached to the pump’s discharge port directs water outside the house to a suitable drainage location, such as a natural runoff point or a dry well. Alternatively, the water can be directed into a municipal sewer if local regulations permit.

Depending on the model, the sump pump may be equipped with a pressure switch or an alarm that triggers when the water level rises too high because of pump failure or extreme water volume. Ideally, the pump will have a cast iron core that is in contact with the motor to dissipate heat and extend the life of the electric motor.

A GFCI-protected power receptacle is usually used, although some pumps can be wired to a dedicated circuit. In that case, the receptacle may be specially labeled to warn against unplugging and it may have a retaining bracket that prevents the plug from being removed. If you do opt for a dedicated circuit, a professional electrician should install it. Regular maintenance on the sump pump includes cleaning out the check valve and periodic checking of the backup battery. The professional should also clean out any debris and check the float switch for proper operation. If the sump pump is working properly, it can help prevent several problems in and around your home, including structural damage to your basement or crawl space floor and mold, wood rot, and pest infestations that can be difficult to eradicate.

How to Save Money on AC Replacement

If your AC system is still relatively young and working well, you might be able to save yourself a replacement cost. However, you should keep in mind that a new air conditioning installation can raise your home’s resale value.

AC Replacement

Investing in a new AC unit is a big decision. Contact Heating And Cooling Van Nuys to help you weigh your options and make a smart choice. 

The cost of a new AC unit can vary significantly. Several factors will determine the final price, including the brand of the unit and installation costs. The size of the home and existing ductwork will also affect the cost.

A professional should be able to give you an accurate estimate before beginning any work. It is important to get estimates from several companies. This will help you find the best deal. If you get an estimate that is much lower than the others, be cautious. This may be an indication that the company is not licensed or insured.

If your air conditioning system is aging, you should consider replacing it. An HVAC expert can give you a recommendation on the ideal replacement system for your home. They can also help you choose an energy-efficient model that will reduce your utility bills.

A new air conditioning unit can save you up to $3,000 a year in utility bills. A more efficient unit will also require fewer repairs, so you’ll save money in the long run. A good rule of thumb is to consider replacing the air conditioner if it’s older than 10 years.

Frequent AC repair bills are another sign that it’s time to replace your system. If the cost of repairs exceeds 30 percent of the price of a new unit, you’re likely better off with a replacement.

You should also replace your AC if you notice that it is making unusual noises or not cooling the entire house evenly. Other signs of a failing system include an unusually high energy bill or the smell of mildew.

Installing a new air conditioner is a large project, and you should hire a professional. This is a very specialized job, and it requires a license to perform it in your state. Incorrect installation can lead to costly repairs and even injury.

A reputable HVAC contractor will perform a manual load calculation to ensure that the AC is properly sized for your home. An oversized air conditioner will short-cycle, which wastes energy and causes the unit to wear out more quickly. In addition, it won’t dehumidify your home effectively.

Energy Efficiency

A new air conditioning system can lower your electricity bills by reducing energy consumption. This is because modern AC systems have improved energy efficiency and can reduce operating costs by up to 40%. These savings can offset the initial cost of a new system.

Depending on the model and size of your home, an energy-efficient model may also be less expensive than a conventional one. Moreover, a newer AC unit is usually quieter and requires less maintenance than an older model. Additionally, many new units have features that make them more environmentally friendly, such as ozone-friendly refrigerants and redesigned compressors.

Air conditioners typically last about 10 to 20 years. If yours is nearing the end of its lifespan, it’s time to consider a replacement. Signs of an aging AC system include high utility bills, constant repairs, and stale or stuffy indoor air. In addition, an old AC system may produce loud noises or even leak refrigerant into the atmosphere. These issues can be costly to repair and might not be covered by a home warranty.

An HVAC professional can conduct a load calculation to determine the size of your house and recommend the appropriate cooling capacity. This will ensure that your new AC system has the right size to avoid overwork and premature wear and tear. The air conditioner’s SEER rating is another factor that affects energy efficiency. The higher the SEER rating, the more efficient your system will be.

It’s also important to have the ductwork inspected and sealed. Leaking ducts can cause hot spots in your house and increase your utility bill significantly. If your ducts are too small, you might need to install more. If you have a multistory house, you might need to install ducts on every floor.

If you have a newer AC system and are concerned about your energy bill, you can get it tested for leaks by an HVAC professional. They can use special tools to locate and seal any leaks in the ductwork. These tools will save you money in the long run and help improve your home’s indoor air quality.


Depending on the provider, an HVAC home warranty plan will cover repairs and replacements for your air conditioner. It will also usually cover all the parts, components, and ductwork. Some exclusions may apply, however. For example, damage caused by storms or other natural weather conditions is generally not covered. It is important to keep in mind that a home warranty is not an insurance policy. It covers things that break down due to normal wear and tear. It is not meant to replace or repair items that are damaged due to negligence or normal aging.

A good home warranty company will be familiar with the ins and outs of popular brand-name appliances and systems. It will be able to tell you when a repair is needed and will help you find an affordable solution for your problems. It is important to read the contract carefully and study the exceptions and exclusions. If you are unsure of what the warranty covers, it is best to consult an attorney who specializes in contracts and real estate law.

Many homeowners have a hard time understanding their warranty contracts. Oftentimes, the contracts are filled with vague language that makes it difficult to determine what is and is not covered. This can cause a lot of frustration and disappointment in the future. Fortunately, you can avoid this by being well informed and examining the contract closely.

When your air conditioning unit breaks down, it is essential to hire a professional who has the experience and knowledge to diagnose the problem correctly. The best way to do this is to look for a company that has a good reputation in the industry and provides high-quality service. Moreover, the company should offer an extended warranty on its work.

In addition to repairing or replacing your AC unit, the service technician should also inspect your condensation drain for excess water. This will prevent water from building up in your AC system, which can be a big problem and cause costly repairs. A service technician should also check that all of the airflow vents are clear and working properly.


Once the new AC unit is installed, technicians will run pressure and vacuum tests before charging it with refrigerant. They will also check all electrical connections and the system’s airflow to ensure it works properly. If any adjustments are needed, they will make them during this process. Then, the technician will show you how to operate your new AC unit and answer any questions you may have.

During the installation process, crew members will start by shutting off power to your existing HVAC system and disconnecting all wiring. They will then gain access to attic areas, crawl spaces, and other areas that house the old equipment. Depending on the scope of the project, it might take several hours to remove the old air conditioning system and prepare for the new one. This process is typically included in the price of the new AC replacement.

If your old air conditioner is over 12 years old, it has probably already outlived its life expectancy and is in need of replacement. A qualified AC contractor can replace your old unit with a more efficient model that will save you money on utility bills and create a healthier living environment.

The installation process can be long, but it is vital for your comfort. Choosing an experienced AC company can help you avoid costly mistakes and ensure that your new system is properly installed. The installation process should be performed by a professional licensed in your state and will include a comprehensive inspection of your entire home to ensure that the new HVAC system is sized correctly for optimal performance.

It is also important to consider the cost of any necessary repairs. While some repair companies will try to cover every cost in their written estimate, there can often be unexpected expenses that come up during the course of the project. These can include things like rotten wall studs, electrical upgrades, and ductwork repairs.

If you hear unusual noises coming from your air conditioning unit, you should turn it off and call an expert immediately. These sounds can signal a variety of problems, from belt slippage to broken motor bearings, and should not be ignored. Also, if you notice pooling water around the outside of your unit, it could indicate a refrigerant leak that should be repaired right away.

The Salary of a Plumber

Morristown Plumber is a person who installs drainage and potable water systems. In addition, a plumber works on sewer systems and sewage systems. This type of job requires a high level of technical expertise. As a result, it can be demanding, so be prepared for long hours and physical challenges. A plumber can earn up to $76,000 per year.plumber

As a plumber, your work environment should be safe and clean. Plumbing contractors are often exposed to hazards such as confined spaces, biohazards, and hazardous substances. Plumbers must use protective gear and follow proper handling procedures to avoid injury. They should also be trained to avoid lifting heavy objects. In addition, plumbers should be familiar with health and safety regulations and their importance in the workplace.

Plumbers must also be physically fit because plumbing requires a lot of physical exertion. Despite this, they are often working alone, which means they must be able to prioritize projects and work efficiently without supervision. Lastly, plumbers must have the physical strength and flexibility to perform work in tight spaces.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, plumbers should enjoy better employment prospects over the next few years. According to the BLS, plumbers can expect a 5% increase in jobs over the next eight years. This is about the average rate of growth for all occupations. If you are interested in learning more about this profession, consider enrolling in PCI’s Plumbing program. This training program will give you the skills and knowledge needed to pursue a new career in this field or advance your career in your current role.

As a plumber, you should be able to read blueprints and build a good understanding of these blueprints. You may also be required to work at hospitals or infirmaries, installing medical gas and oxygen. You should also take courses in technical training schools or apprenticeship programs. High school courses that prepare you for a plumbing career include mechanical drawing, drafting, algebra, and mathematics. If you have these, you can also pursue a career in the construction industry.

Plumbers must be able to dismantle and install plumbing devices, as well as interpret building plans and plumbing schematics. They also have to estimate time and materials for plumbing jobs. They should also have a thorough knowledge of materials, methods, and tools. They should be physically fit to perform their duties. They must also be able to lift, bend, and climb ladders.

Plumbers must have a high level of physical endurance. They must be able to endure working at high temperatures and in tight spaces. Plumbing technicians must also possess good interpersonal skills and be able to interact professionally with clients and supervisors. Additionally, they must be able to manage a diverse range of administrative tasks. In addition to performing a variety of plumbing tasks, plumbers are required to lift and carry up to 50 pounds.

Physical requirements for plumbers vary widely depending on their specialty. They must be able to read blueprints and use plumbing tools. They must also have good communication skills and be able to explain complicated concepts and problems to customers. Some plumbers may be required to pass a state licensing exam in order to practice their trade.

In addition to physical abilities, plumbers must have good manual dexterity and good eyesight. These abilities are essential in this line of work, as plumbers need to use measuring devices and maneuver around tight spaces. Moreover, plumbers are required to be physically fit since they often have to climb ladders and lift heavy items. And remember that plumbing requires a lot of patience and persistence. If you think you have the necessary skills and qualifications, a plumbing career can be the right choice for you.

A plumbing apprenticeship can help you learn the trade from a more experienced plumber. This allows you to learn the trade more in-depth. While training as an apprentice, you must continue to exercise regularly in order to build your physical strength and flexibility. Additionally, you should consider taking a few computer courses to broaden your skills. Some plumber training courses cover word processing, spreadsheet programs, budgeting software, and foundational IT principles.

Plumbing contractors are responsible for installing, maintaining, and repairing pipes in both commercial and residential structures. They also work closely with general contractors to ensure a smooth construction process.